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Your Name and Title: Christinger Tomer, Associate Professor,


Library, School, or Organization Name: School of Information Sciences, University of Pittsburgh


Area of the World from Which You Will Present: USA


Language in Which You Will Present: English


Target Audience(s): Strand 2 – Emerging Technologies and Trends and Strand 3 – Learning Commons


Short Session Description: Creating Reusable Learning Objects


Full Session Description:

One of the many challenges of online education is the creation of learning objects that may be reused, not only in the setting in which they were created, but in other contexts as well. Why is this important? There are at least several reasons. First and perhaps foremost, like all other forms of automation, one of the promises of online education is increased efficiency, and although increased efficiencies can and should be derived in variety of ways, it is widely presumed but not frequently stated that one of the sources of this increased efficiency will be learning modules that can be reused and/or deployed in multiple settings.

Moving from the notion to the reality turns out to be a problem, however. Online instructors create many learning objects every day, but few of them are re-usable.  This presentation is concerned with identifying principles and tools that form the basis for a remedy to this problem and demonstrating, albeit briefly, how those principles and tools may be applied

Creating Reusable Learning Objects is presented in three parts. The first part considers how and to what extent principles of computer programming, and especially object-oriented programming, may be applied to the task of designing and deploying reusable learning objects (RLOs). (A reusable learning object, or RLO, is “collection of content items, practice items and assessment items that are combined based on a single learning objective.” The RLO is made up of a set of reusable information objects – RIOs. RIOs are granular, reusable chunks of media independent information. The RIO is developed once and may be delivered by various means; hence, the notion of media independence. The second part presents a suite of software tools, consisting mainly of low-cost commercial and open source applications capable of uses consistent with basic programming concepts, particularly encapsulation and inheritance (and cloning), and the support of standardized formats. The third part examines a set of RLOs that have been designed with these tools and in accord with programming principles.


Websites / URLs Associated with Your Session:  See; and

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Looking forward to this presentation, The reference link from Cisco requires Cisco entitlement access though, I get a 403 Forbidden message.

Thanks for the heads up about the link to the Cisco Website. It's interesting that it had worked for years and as recently as a couple of months ago. But it's important to know that it's no longer in service.



I hope I get the chance to do this. I made two presentations last year and enjoyed the experience. I thought it was much better than making a presentation in a more traditional setting.


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