the future of libraries in the digital age
I'm not sure where you heard this, but I'm guessing the concept was double-BLIND refereed journals. This is where the article author's name is hidden from those doing the peer review, and the article author is not told who the reviewers are. It's similar to double-blind clinical studies, intended to ensure that the process is not influenced by any personal associations or biases, making the whole system as objective as possible. Double-blind peer review is the standard practice for academic journals.